Identify two issues relating to plagiarism and copyright of electronic materials and explain their effects.
Plagiarism is often referred to the act of copying or using other person’s work without acknowledging or attributing the source; thereby assuming that these works or materials used are own works (Sekaran, 2003). In the context of academic, plagiarism is often considered as a very serious ethical offense. Researchers or students found to have engaged in plagiarism will suffer from serious damages towards his academic reputation or reliability (Zigmund, 1997). One of the issues related to plagiarism is that students have been using the materials without proper referencing. The student may have indicated that the certain materials are obtained from someone else, but the real authors to the materials are not attributed. This can be an act of plagiarism. Secondly, in a more serious situation, student may has copying or cheating, to take other’s works as his own. The entire work is a direct copying, modification or adjustment from other people. This is also considered as plagiarism.
In contrast, copyright is an issue more related to the violation of the exclusive rights of a copyright holder; such as: (a) taking significant parts of other people’s work in the creation of a new work, (b) producing and distributing unauthorized copies of a audio or video files or CD/ VCD/ DVD or in any other electronic formats, (c) or to publicly using other people’s work without permission from the copyright holder. However, no matter if the work of the copyright holder is attributed or cited or not, copyright infringement still applied. Compared to plagiarism, copyright can be a more serious issue, as the infringement of copyright can be sued (Yin, 1994).
Bell, J. (2005). Doing Your Research Project (4th edition). Maidenhead: Open University Press
Cavana, R. Y., Delahaye, B. L., and Sekaran, U. (2001), Applied Business Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods, Willey & Sons, Ltd.
Gill, J., and Johnson, P. (2000), Research Methods for Managers, Paul Chapman Publishing, Third Edition.
Kerlinger, F. N. (2001). Foundations of Behavioral Research. Holt International Edition.
Kinnear, T. C., and Taylor, J. R. (2001). Marketing Research and The Applied Approaches. McGraw Hill International.
Leedy, P., and Ormrod, J., (2001). Practical Research: Planning and Design, Merrill Prentice Hall.
Marshall, C., and Rossman, G., (1994). Designing Qualitative Research, Sage.
McNeil, P. (1990). Research Methods. London: Routledge
Oppenheim, A.N. (2000). Questionnaire Design, Interviewing and Attitude Measurement New Edition. London: Continuum International Publishing Group
Palys, T. (2003). Research Decisions: Qualitative and Quantitative Perspectives, 3rd Edition, Toronto: Nelson Thompson Canada.
Saunders, M. (2002). Research Methods for Business Students Harlow: Pearson Education
Saunders, M.N.K., Lewis, P. and Thornhill, A. (2003) Research Methods for Business, Pitman.
Schuman, H. & Presser, S. (1996). Questions and Answers in Attitude Surveys. London: Saga
Sekaran, U. (1992). Research Methods for Business: A Skill Building Approach. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Sekaran, U. (2003), Research Methods for Business: A Skill Building Approach, Willey & Sons, Ltd.
Yin, R. K. (1994). Case Study Research: Design and Methods, Second Edition, Sage: Thousand Oaks, CA.
Zigmund, W. G. (1997). Business Research Methods. The Dryden Press.